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python – ¿Obtener la lista de la columna o fila del marco de datos de pandas?

septiembre 29, 2021
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Dado que esta pregunta ha recibido mucha atención y hay varias formas de cumplir con su tarea, permítanme presentarles varias opciones.

Por cierto, todos son frases ingeniosas;)

Empezando con:

df
  cluster load_date budget actual fixed_price
0       A  1/1/2014   1000   4000           Y
1       A  2/1/2014  12000  10000           Y
2       A  3/1/2014  36000   2000           Y
3       B  4/1/2014  15000  10000           N
4       B  4/1/2014  12000  11500           N
5       B  4/1/2014  90000  11000           N
6       C  7/1/2014  22000  18000           N
7       C  8/1/2014  30000  28960           N
8       C  9/1/2014  53000  51200           N

Resumen de operaciones potenciales:

ser_aggCol (collapse each column to a list)
cluster          [A, A, A, B, B, B, C, C, C]
load_date      [1/1/2014, 2/1/2014, 3/1/2...
budget         [1000, 12000, 36000, 15000...
actual         [4000, 10000, 2000, 10000,...
fixed_price      [Y, Y, Y, N, N, N, N, N, N]
dtype: object


ser_aggRows (collapse each row to a list)
0     [A, 1/1/2014, 1000, 4000, Y]
1    [A, 2/1/2014, 12000, 10000...
2    [A, 3/1/2014, 36000, 2000, Y]
3    [B, 4/1/2014, 15000, 10000...
4    [B, 4/1/2014, 12000, 11500...
5    [B, 4/1/2014, 90000, 11000...
6    [C, 7/1/2014, 22000, 18000...
7    [C, 8/1/2014, 30000, 28960...
8    [C, 9/1/2014, 53000, 51200...
dtype: object


df_gr (here you get lists for each cluster)
                             load_date                 budget                 actual fixed_price
cluster                                                                                         
A        [1/1/2014, 2/1/2014, 3/1/2...   [1000, 12000, 36000]    [4000, 10000, 2000]   [Y, Y, Y]
B        [4/1/2014, 4/1/2014, 4/1/2...  [15000, 12000, 90000]  [10000, 11500, 11000]   [N, N, N]
C        [7/1/2014, 8/1/2014, 9/1/2...  [22000, 30000, 53000]  [18000, 28960, 51200]   [N, N, N]


a list of separate dataframes for each cluster

df for cluster A
  cluster load_date budget actual fixed_price
0       A  1/1/2014   1000   4000           Y
1       A  2/1/2014  12000  10000           Y
2       A  3/1/2014  36000   2000           Y

df for cluster B
  cluster load_date budget actual fixed_price
3       B  4/1/2014  15000  10000           N
4       B  4/1/2014  12000  11500           N
5       B  4/1/2014  90000  11000           N

df for cluster C
  cluster load_date budget actual fixed_price
6       C  7/1/2014  22000  18000           N
7       C  8/1/2014  30000  28960           N
8       C  9/1/2014  53000  51200           N

just the values of column load_date
0    1/1/2014
1    2/1/2014
2    3/1/2014
3    4/1/2014
4    4/1/2014
5    4/1/2014
6    7/1/2014
7    8/1/2014
8    9/1/2014
Name: load_date, dtype: object


just the values of column number 2
0     1000
1    12000
2    36000
3    15000
4    12000
5    90000
6    22000
7    30000
8    53000
Name: budget, dtype: object


just the values of row number 7
cluster               C
load_date      8/1/2014
budget            30000
actual            28960
fixed_price           N
Name: 7, dtype: object


============================== JUST FOR COMPLETENESS ==============================


you can convert a series to a list
['C', '8/1/2014', '30000', '28960', 'N']
<class 'list'>


you can convert a dataframe to a nested list
[['A', '1/1/2014', '1000', '4000', 'Y'], ['A', '2/1/2014', '12000', '10000', 'Y'], ['A', '3/1/2014', '36000', '2000', 'Y'], ['B', '4/1/2014', '15000', '10000', 'N'], ['B', '4/1/2014', '12000', '11500', 'N'], ['B', '4/1/2014', '90000', '11000', 'N'], ['C', '7/1/2014', '22000', '18000', 'N'], ['C', '8/1/2014', '30000', '28960', 'N'], ['C', '9/1/2014', '53000', '51200', 'N']]
<class 'list'>

the content of a dataframe can be accessed as a numpy.ndarray
[['A' '1/1/2014' '1000' '4000' 'Y']
 ['A' '2/1/2014' '12000' '10000' 'Y']
 ['A' '3/1/2014' '36000' '2000' 'Y']
 ['B' '4/1/2014' '15000' '10000' 'N']
 ['B' '4/1/2014' '12000' '11500' 'N']
 ['B' '4/1/2014' '90000' '11000' 'N']
 ['C' '7/1/2014' '22000' '18000' 'N']
 ['C' '8/1/2014' '30000' '28960' 'N']
 ['C' '9/1/2014' '53000' '51200' 'N']]
<class 'numpy.ndarray'>

código:

# prefix ser refers to pd.Series object
# prefix df refers to pd.DataFrame object
# prefix lst refers to list object

import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

df=pd.DataFrame([
        ['A',   '1/1/2014',    '1000',    '4000',    'Y'],
        ['A',   '2/1/2014',    '12000',   '10000',   'Y'],
        ['A',   '3/1/2014',    '36000',   '2000',    'Y'],
        ['B',   '4/1/2014',    '15000',   '10000',   'N'],
        ['B',   '4/1/2014',    '12000',   '11500',   'N'],
        ['B',   '4/1/2014',    '90000',   '11000',   'N'],
        ['C',   '7/1/2014',    '22000',   '18000',   'N'],
        ['C',   '8/1/2014',    '30000',   '28960',   'N'],
        ['C',   '9/1/2014',    '53000',   '51200',   'N']
        ], columns=['cluster', 'load_date',   'budget',  'actual',  'fixed_price'])
print('df',df, sep='n', end='nn')

ser_aggCol=df.aggregate(lambda x: [x.tolist()], axis=0).map(lambda x:x[0])
print('ser_aggCol (collapse each column to a list)',ser_aggCol, sep='n', end='nnn')

ser_aggRows=pd.Series(df.values.tolist()) 
print('ser_aggRows (collapse each row to a list)',ser_aggRows, sep='n', end='nnn')

df_gr=df.groupby('cluster').agg(lambda x: list(x))
print('df_gr (here you get lists for each cluster)',df_gr, sep='n', end='nnn')

lst_dfFiltGr=[ df.loc[df['cluster']==val,:] for val in df['cluster'].unique() ]
print('a list of separate dataframes for each cluster', sep='n', end='nn')
for dfTmp in lst_dfFiltGr:
    print('df for cluster '+str(dfTmp.loc[dfTmp.index[0],'cluster']),dfTmp, sep='n', end='nn')

ser_singleColLD=df.loc[:,'load_date']
print('just the values of column load_date',ser_singleColLD, sep='n', end='nnn')

ser_singleCol2=df.iloc[:,2]
print('just the values of column number 2',ser_singleCol2, sep='n', end='nnn')

ser_singleRow7=df.iloc[7,:]
print('just the values of row number 7',ser_singleRow7, sep='n', end='nnn')

print('='*30+' JUST FOR COMPLETENESS '+'='*30, end='nnn')

lst_fromSer=ser_singleRow7.tolist()
print('you can convert a series to a list',lst_fromSer, type(lst_fromSer), sep='n', end='nnn')

lst_fromDf=df.values.tolist()
print('you can convert a dataframe to a nested list',lst_fromDf, type(lst_fromDf), sep='n', end='nn')

arr_fromDf=df.values
print('the content of a dataframe can be accessed as a numpy.ndarray',arr_fromDf, type(arr_fromDf), sep='n', end='nn')

como lo señala cs95, se deben preferir otros métodos a los pandas .values atributo de pandas versión 0.24 en ver aquí. Lo uso aquí, porque la mayoría de la gente (para 2019) todavía tendrá una versión anterior, que no es compatible con las nuevas recomendaciones. Puedes comprobar tu versión con print(pd.__version__)

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